According to RFA – Renewable Fuels Association, Brazil is, as well known, the absolute leader in ethanol production in South America and the second largest in the world after the U.S..
In 2012 were produced 21.955 million liters of ethanol in South America, with Brazil as a producer of 21.111 million liters of the total amount, leaving only 884,15 thousand liters for the remaining countries. In 2011 the situation was very similar, with production of 21.849 million liters of ethanol in South America, with the total, 21.097 million liters were produced in Brazil, leaving only 752,000 liters for the remaining countries. According to the Center for Alternative Fuels Data from the U.S. Department of Energy, in Central America and Mexico, the production was nonexistent until 2009, they produced 148,000 gallons in 2011 and just 72,000 gallons in 2012.
The Annual Report Gain – Global Agriculture Information Network predicts that the ethanol production in the country will reach a new record in 2014, with 190 million liters. According to the report, the country currently requires a blend limit to 25% ethanol in gasoline.
The consumption of biofuels is growing because of the increase in the number of cars on highways and higher economic growth, with 35% of Paraguayans consumers using gasoline and 65% diesel. Paraguay has twelve plants with a combined capacity of 260 million liters per year. The country produced 130 million liters of ethanol in 2010 and 2011 and 165 million liters in 2012. The production last year is expected to reach 175 million liters and 190 million liters in 2014.
The Annual Report Gain – Global Agriculture Information Network indicates that ethanol production in Peru is expected to reach 240 million liters this year, an increase of 9% since 2012. The country ethanol blend in gasoline of 7.8% is expected to consume 130 million in 2014. Forecasts indicate that were exported 135 million liters in 2013, an increase of 7% over the previous year.
Ethanol consumption in Argentina is expected to increase to 600 million liters in 2014, an increase of 50% compared to 2013. The production will reach 840 million liters in 2014, with a new plant in operation, which is equivalent to a production 40% higher than the past two years.